By Carol Benedict
Read or Download Golden-Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China, 1550-2010 PDF
Best customs & traditions books
20th century Europe went via a dramatic transition from low source of revenue populations experiencing starvation and nutritionally insufficient diets, to the new period of over-consumption and becoming numbers of obese and overweight humans. by means of reading the tendencies in nutrients historical past from case experiences throughout Europe, this ebook deals a old context to provide an explanation for how and why this transition has happened and what we will research in an effort to try to deal with the very important concerns coming up from weight problems in modern Europe.
A Survival consultant to Customs and Etiquette in Saudi Arabia
MACCORMACK, S. G. : paintings AND rite IN overdue ANTIQUITY. BERKELEY, CA, 1990, xvi 417 p. laminasEncuadernacion unique. Nuevo.
Spirit ownership contains the displacement of a human's unsleeping self by way of a strong different who quickly occupies the human's physique. the following, Seligman indicates that spirit ownership represents a domain for knowing primary features of human event, particularly these concerned with interactions between which means, embodiment, and subjectivity.
Extra resources for Golden-Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China, 1550-2010
From there they moved on to Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, or Yunnan (see map 2). Whichever direction they went, merchants and migrants moving outward from southern Fujian to other areas of China dispersed knowledge of tobacco and techniques for its cultivation. In some cases, sojourners who had traveled to the Southeast Coast brought tobacco seeds back with them when they returned home.
A highly mobile society, Minnan had been both a target of and a source for extensive migration since at least the 1550s. 3 Sojourners from other areas of China arrived in southern Fujian to take advantage of new economic opportunities even as Zhang-Quan merchants set sail for Manila, Batavia, and other foreign ports. When Minnan’s explosive economic growth slowed in the seventeenth century, the flow reversed course. 4 Movement away from the densely populated southeastern littoral into the mountainous interior was further stimulated by the “coastal removal” policies of the early Qing government in the 1660s.
1723–35) and Qianlong (r. 1736–95) emperors decided that cultivation of this non-edible crop wasted good land and should be “torn out by its roots,” tobacco had already become a mainstay of many local economies. The only thing left for Qing rulers to do was to capture in the form of customs duties some small percentage of the revenues tobacco was already generating across the empire. DI F F U SION OF TOBAC C O A S A C OM M E RC IA L C ROP T H ROU G H T H E YA NG Z I R I V E R H IG H L A N D S Although many coastal residents and some in the interior were well acquainted with tobacco in the late Ming, dissemination both of the plant and the practice of smoking throughout the entire Chinese empire took some time.