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Amplitude Modulation Atomic Force Microscopy by Ricardo Garcia

By Ricardo Garcia

Filling a niche within the literature, this publication beneficial properties in-depth discussions on amplitude modulation AFM, offering an summary of the speculation, instrumental concerns and functions of the method in either academia and undefined. As such, it contains examples from fabric technological know-how, delicate condensed subject, molecular biology, and biophysics, between others. The textual content is written in this type of approach as to let readers from diversified backgrounds and degrees of workmanship to discover the knowledge compatible for his or her wishes.

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However, for separations smaller than the free amplitude, the tip surface forces truncate and distort the resonance curves. More details about resonance curves are provided in Chapters 5 and 6. 2 Amplitude and Phase Shift Distance Curves The representation of the amplitude with respect to the average tip surface distance is called an amplitude distance curve. A similar curve where the phase shift is the observable is called a phase distance curve. When there is no ambiguity, they will be called, respectively, amplitude and phase curves.

Most commercial cantilevers are either v shaped or rectangular beams. Rectan gular cantilevers have a trapezoidal shape. Nonetheless, some applications might require the development of special geometries to enhance the response of higher cantilever modes [23, 24]. 6 shows the main cantilever geometries used in dynamic AFM. The dynamic quantities describing rectangular cantilevers are amenable of analytical treatments, so the rest of the section is devoted to them. For a theoretical description of triangular cantilevers, the reader may consult Refs [25, 26].

More details about resonance curves are provided in Chapters 5 and 6. 2 Amplitude and Phase Shift Distance Curves The representation of the amplitude with respect to the average tip surface distance is called an amplitude distance curve. A similar curve where the phase shift is the observable is called a phase distance curve. When there is no ambiguity, they will be called, respectively, amplitude and phase curves. These curves have many applica tions; for example, they are essential to measure and identify the nature of the forces, either conservative or nonconservative [54].

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